Collana: MUNERA - 28
Edizione: 2017 N/A.
Pagine: 360
Imm. B/N



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This book examines the complex transition of North Africa from the Late Roman period to the Arab conquest, focusing on three provinces: Zeugitana, Byzacena and Tripolitana. In particular, it considers the continuity and transformation of towns, as a result of economic, political and social changes. The period sees the wide diffusion of Christianity, the imposition of Vandal rule and Arianism, the presence of a new Empire and the Arab/Muslim takeover. It is also a period of archaeological and material transition: physically towns changed and classical structures, in particular, decayed and were reused. The evidence considered here encompasses a wide range of material, including publications from 1800 (Italian and French colonial excavations) to modern times. These data form the basis for a detailed review of archaeological evidence in this geographical area and for the analysis of the processes of evolution that characterised North African cities.

Il volume, in lingua inglese, prende in considerazione le complesse trasformazioni che caratterizzarono il Nord Africa antico (in particolare le tre province africane: Zeugitana, Byzacena e Tripolitana) dalla tardoantichità al periodo Bizantino, fino alla conquista Islamica. Il periodo in questione non è caratterizzato solo da cambiamenti politici, ma vede anche una ampia diffusione del cristianesimo, l’imposizione della dominazione Vandala e dell’Arianesimo, la presenza di un nuovo impero e la successiva presenza araba. Le città cambiano anche nel loro aspetto fisico e gli edifici pubblici vengono spesso lasciati in abbandono o riutilizzati con scopi diversi. I dati presi in esame hanno un ampio spettro e tengono conto delle pubblicazioni dall’Ottocento (per lo più gli scavi coloniali Italiani e Francesi) fino ai tempi moderni. Il tutto corredato da un ricco apparato fotografico e bibliografico.


Preface by Noël Duval

Introduction. Late Antique North Africa: Status Quaestionis and Method of Analysis
1. Some Historical Events
1.1.The Borders of the Provinces from the 4th Century to the Byzantine Period
1.2. Byzantine North Africa
1.3. Local Tribes
2. Theoretical Issues and the Transformation of Urban Areas in North Africa: an Introduction
2.1. Late Antique Urbanism: Change or Decay?
2.2. The Late Antique Period: Transformation and Crisis?
2.3. The Expansion of Christian Communities
2.4. The Vandal Invasion and its Influence on the Evolution and Change of Classical Towns
2.5. The Byzantine Period: Changing Use and Adaptation of Urban Space

1. Late Antique Period (Late 3rd Century-Beginning 5th Century): Continuity and Change in the Classical Roman Town in North Africa
1. Monumentalising Public and Private Buildings: The Late 3rd-4th Century Urban Landscape
2. Private Buildings in Late Antiquity
3. Meeting Places for Collegia and Associations
4. Collegia and Associations in Carthage: The Debated Archaeological Evidence
5. Public Buildings
6. Urban Areas Between the End of the 4th Century and the Beginning of the 5th Century: A Revision of the “Carthage de Saint Augustin”
6.1. The Ecclesiastical Regions of Carthage
6.2. A New Image of the Late Antique North African City
6.3. The Private Buildings
6.4. Fortifications and City Walls
6.5. The Public Architecture

2. The Vandal Period (429-534): Changing Townscapes
1. Destruction and Reconstruction: The Contrasting Evidence of the Vandal Period
1.1. Ceramic Production
1.2. Rural Landscapes
1.3. Trade in the Vandal Period
2. Vandal North Africa: An Attempt at Reconstruction
2.1. Public Architecture
2.2. Private Architecture
3. Religious Buildings and Problems of Arianism: The Contrast Between the Arian and the Catholic Church
4. Vandal Carthage: New Aspects of the Town

3. Byzantine North Africa: Processes of Transformation
1. The Byzantine Period: A New Urban Environment
2. Carthage in the 6th and 7th Centuries
2.1. The 6th Century
2.2. Carthage in the Late 6th and 7th Centuries and Early Arab Periods: Changes in Urban Use
3. Byzantine Sufetula (Sbeitla): A City of Byzacena
4. Lepcis Magna in the Byzantine and Early Arab Periods
5. Byzantine Fortifications, City Walls and the Concept of “Urban”
6. Tombs in Urban Areas: AVandal and Late Byzantine Phenomenon?
7. The “Reuse” of Public Buildings and Churches
8. The Reuse of Building Materials and Lime Kilns: Evidence of the Decay of the Urban Fabric?
9. Evidence for Production and Export in Urban Areas from Late Antiquity to the Arab Conquest: Another Use for Public Buildings
9.1. Production in Urban Areas: The Cases of Leptiminus and Carthage
9.2. Pottery Production in Urban Areas
9.3. Murex Dye Production
9.4. Garum Production
9.5. Olive Oil Production Activities
10. Urban Production: Changes in the Byzantine (and Arab?) Period
10.1. New Production and Processing Areas Within Towns (Both in Previously Abandoned Public Spaces and in Peripheral Areas)
10.2. The Church (The Merging of Secular and Religious Arenas of Power in the Handsof the Bishops?)
11. A New Urban Layout

4. Conclusions and New Perspectives of Analysis
1. Transition Revisited: Decline and Ordered Evolution in North African Towns

Index of Places and Buildings